About steve

steve has been a member since August 23rd 2011, and has created 6521 posts from scratch.

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Your Questions About Translate

David asks…

Why do they say that when you learn a second language it is better not to translate?

To translate the foreign words you learn to your mother-tongue? But is this an effective way of learning?
How do you learn better and faster a second language?

steve answers:

Because structures don’t translate exactly to other languages. For example, we can say in English “I’m driving to New York tomorrow.” But if you translate that into the present progressive in Spanish, it doesn’t work because they don’t use that to indicate future time in Spanish.

Children who are raised in homes where two languages are spoken learn both, but they don’t translate back and forth in their heads before using them. It’s like riding a bicycle and driving a car- when you’ve done them enough, you do them without conscious thought. You don’t think every time “Now I have to move my foot from the gas to the brake.” That’s what you want to do in a language- have it be automatic.

Daniel asks…

How to translate the following into German?

I have been working in film/television/commercials production and advertising in NYC for years. Now I am living in Germany and have to translate my resume. Unfortunately a normal translator such as Google Translate does not really translate these types of things properly.

**And before I get yelled at… I just started my German B1 class, however the class does not cover these types of things as well. Any idea on how to translate the following:
•13 years experience working in film, television and commercial production in all major departments.
•Experienced working as an Associate Producer, Segment Producer and Field Producer.
•Skilled in supervising video edit sessions.
•Worked as Stage Manager, 2nd Stage Manager, 1st Assistant Director and 2nd Assistant Director.
•Qualified in Production Management, Coordinating and Production Research.
•Accomplished in working as an Audience Coordinator, Talent/Casting Coordinator and Locations Manager.
•Practiced in setting up and rigging basic lighting for ENG shoots and interviews.
•Fully trained in all administrative duties and procedures.
•Correspondence: Handling high phone and email volume, while managing interoffice and external correspondence.
•Experience working with the Creative Development Department.
•Mastered in Character Development and Design for both print and broadcast.
•Brand Management, Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Experience and Content.
•Schreiben: blogs, scripts, treatments, pitch books, copy and pre production books.
•Trained in pitching and developing stories, segments and pilots.
•Casting principal talent, background, contestants and audience.
•Practiced in conducting man-on-the-street, junket and red carpet interviews.
•Digitale Fotografie: commercial, fashion, travel, photojournalism, portrait and still (on sets).
•Photo editing, manipulation and retouching.
•Illustration: including print work, fashion and apparel design, children’s books, storyboards and on-air.
•Versed in set design, decorating and design trends.
•Working with Prop Department (purchasing, designing, building props, etc.)
•On-camera experience as talent.

PLEASE ONLY SERIOUS HELPFUL REPLIES. I try to help out others by answering questions nicely and hope people will do the same for me.

steve answers:

Normally I’d love to help you but there are so many words that are very hard to translate properly because it’s specialised vocabulary. Maybe you should get a professional translator for that. It’s just one page so it shouldn’t be too expensive and then you can be sure the text is correct.

Michael asks…

How can I translate something from English to Latin?

I want to translate a short quote from English to Latin, but I can’t find any good translators online. So how can I take an English quote and translate it to Latin?

steve answers:

It depends on how complex the quote is. I it is something like ‘ego sum Kate’ (I am Kate) then a translator should be able to do that quite easily. However Latin has a lot (and I mean a lot!) of different things that need to be thought of when translating. This long list includes:
Subjunctives
Tenses of subjunctives (am I boring you already? I’m bored…)
Tenses (Perfect/Imperfect/Pluperfect e.t.c)
Nominative/Accusative/Dative/Ablative e.t.c
Name ending for that particular case
Singular/ Plural


The list goes on. If you gave me the quote I could try and translate it. Internet translators are very inaccurate because most of the words you type in it doesn’t know. Therefore you are left with something like ‘Caecilius is in the garden’ and it comes up with ‘Caecilius est in garden’ when it actually should be ‘Caecilius est in horto’. …and that is just simple stuff. I just tried out ‘Kate is sitting in the atrium’ and it came up with ‘Kate est sitting in atrium’ which isn’t right. Besides an internet translator doesn’t know who is the subject (nom/acc) or if something is being given (dat) so basically computers can’t be trusted.

If I can’t translate the quote I know somebody who might be able to but i wouldn’t be able to ask for a couple of weeks…wait…no…I know somebody else :) so I will try as hard as I can.

Hope I’m able to help :)

p.s. If I can’t help invest in a Latin dictionary…you never know when it might come in handy :)

Betty asks…

How to translate pdf file in japanese to english?

Anyone know any website that can translate a PDF file of Japanese to English? I use google translator but it didn’t work. I need this translation to be done asap or is there anybody good in Japanese who can translate for me? I’ll mail you the file

steve answers:

Sock it to me! Stonerpenguinmamalul@yahoo.com

Why is my answer thumbed down…? I didn’t say anything incorrect, she asked for an email to send it to and I gave her mine D:

EDIT; Dude I sent you an email, did you get it? This was difficult to translate and I’m not perfectly stoked on the idea that I’m gonna spend a long time translating this and you’re not even gonna read it D’: I WILL NOT SEND YOU ANY MORE OF MY WORK UNTIL YOU RESPOND TO MY EMAIL!

Here’s the first page (of a seven page long document! — I don’t have fine reader so I typed this all out myself form the image!!)

Japanese with English translation;
平成22年度 (10月期)北海道大学
The 22nd year of Heisei [2010] (School term starting October) Hokkaido University
水産科学研究院研究生・水産学部研究生 募集要項
Research Students of the Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fishery Science Institute Research Students — Important points on Admissions

1. 出願資格
1. Application Requirements (Eligibility)
大学を卒業した者(卒業見込みの者を含む)又はこれと 同等以の学力があると認められる者。
People who’ve graduated University (including those who will graduate in the future) or those who have an equal level education.
ただし、研究院研究生として出願することのできる者は 次の基準の一つに該当する者とします。
However, who can apply to this research institute as a research student (must) fall under one of the following criteria.
(1)大学院博士前期課程(修士課程)修了(見込みの 者を含む)以上の者
(1) People who’ve completed the first half of graduate school towards getting their PhD (Master’s course), completed (including those who will) or persons of a higher level.
(2)その他、予定する指導教員が本研究院において研 究することが適当と認
めた者。
(2) Others who have been deemed appropriate by the supervisor-to-be to do research at this institute.

2. 出願手続き
2. Application Procedure;
入学を希望する者は、 3に記載の出願書類を取り揃え、予定する指導教員の承認を得て (入学願書の指導教員欄に署名・押印をもらうこと) 教務担当へ提出してください。
Those who wish to enroll must assemble the application documents noted in “3″, obtain the consent of the supervisor-to-be (Obtain signature and stamp in the supervisor’s section on the application form) and submit it to the head of school affairs.

3. 出願書類
3. Application documents
(1)入学願書・履歴書(所定の用紙) ※留学生は留学生用の履歴書に記入してください。
(1 )Application for admittance and resume (the designated forms) ※ Foreign exchange students, please fill out the forms for foreign exchange students.
(2)最終学校の卒業(見込)又は修了(見込)証明書
(2) A certificate / the credentials of the last school you graduated (or will graduate) or completed (or will complete)

※本学部・本学院出身者及び研究生継続志願者は提出不 要
※ Applicants who have completed an undergraduate or graduate degree program in this department of the University and the continuing research students need not submit these documents.

Sandra asks…

How to translate the Cube entertainment website?

How can you translate it? Because I know little Korean, and I can’t read it very well. Can somebody tell me how to translate it? Or give me the translation for the Cube entertainment Audition page?

steve answers:

Here’s a link to the translation.. But you might have to make an account or log in with facebook..!! I want to audition.. But I’m too scared to.. But might as well try right..??

Http://www.soompi.com/forums/topic/316030-update-101209-cube-entertainment-audition-translate/

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Your Questions About Inland Products

Betty asks…

What encouraged the building of factories in coastal towns such as New Bedford and even large inland cities?

such as Chicago by the 1840s?

steve answers:

The two main factors in the location of factories is raw materials used in the manufacturing process, and transportation to move the finished products to market.
Available labor is a consideration, but people will move to where the jobs are located.

William asks…

How do I get the right to sell a service on my website?

I am a graphic designer and want to offer a self-portrait illustration service but don’t know how to get the legal right to do so. Does it cost money? Do I need to register as a sole-trader? Do I have to pay tax?

steve answers:

You can set yourself up in business as a sole trader very easily. You will need to register your business with Inland Revenue. Put your ideas together about the products/services you’re offering and who your target market is and get the word out there and contact them.

Your local Business Link is a good source of free help and advice on starting up. We’ve used them over the years that we’ve been in business as they’re also useful for established businesses.

Good luck!

Charles asks…

what happens to a nation’s imports or exports of a product when the world price of the product falls below the?

what happens to a nation’s imports or exports of a product when the world price of the product falls below the domestic price?

steve answers:

This is a trick question.

In theory, if the world price falls below the domestic price, the country will import or (if it is already importing) import more. If it was exporting, it will export less or stop altogether.

In reality, the situation is far different. For example:

1. When you go abroad, you often find goods that are manufactured in country X are more expensive in country X than they are in the U.S. Theory says this should not be possible, but I’ve seen it more than once: electronics from Japan, fruit from Israel, etc.

What causes this can be:

A. Export subsidies on the part of the manufacturing country (China has heavy export subsidies so Chinese goods are often cheaper outside China than inside)

B. Inefficiencies in the local retail market. (Japan has a very inefficient retail sector, with many layers between the manufacturer and the retail store..)

C. Extra costs for addressing smaller markets (translating documentation into the local language, etc.)

D. Transportation costs. (It is cheap to transport in bulk by sea. Transporting inland with no rivers is more expensive, even with good roads and railroads.)

2. Some products in some countries are insulated from the effect of falling world prices because of import restrictions.

For example, the U.S. Imposes quotas on bananas and tariffs on sugar; Japan has tariffs on rice; etc.

Etc.

Mark asks…

What are the environmental problems asssociated with global warming/ climate change?

What are the possible consequences (good or bad) to the environment and to humans if we do nothing?

What are the possible solutions?

steve answers:

“What are the possible consequences (good or bad) to the environment and to humans if we do nothing?”

• Global temperatures will continue to rise

http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs/

• Oceans will continue to warm

http://academics.eckerd.edu/instructor/hastindw/MS2410-001_FA08/handouts/Barnett05.pdf

• Ice sheets wil continue to shrink

http://www.unep.org/geo/geo_ice/PDF/GEO_C6_A_LowRes.pdf

• Sea levels will continue to rise

http://www.aviso.oceanobs.com/en/news/ocean-indicators/mean-sea-level/

• Arctic sea ice will continue to decline

http://nsidc.org/data/seaice_index/images/n_plot_hires.png

Many of the other effects (of AGW) vary from region to region, so I’ve listed the consequences by continent.

•North America: Decreasing snowpack in the western mountains; increased frequency, intensity and duration of heat waves in cities that currently experience them.

•Latin America: Gradual replacement of tropical forest by savannah in eastern Amazonia; risk of significant biodiversity loss through species extinction in many tropical areas; significant changes in water availability for human consumption, agriculture and energy generation.

•Europe: Increased risk of inland flash floods; more frequent coastal flooding and increased erosion from storms and sea level rise; glacial retreat in mountainous areas; reduced snow cover and winter tourism; extensive species losses; reductions of crop productivity in southern Europe.

•Africa: By 2020, between 75 and 250 million people are projected to be exposed to increased water stress; yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50 percent in some regions by 2020; agricultural production, including access to food, may be severely compromised.

•Asia: Freshwater availability projected to decrease in Central, South, East and Southeast Asia by the 2050s; coastal areas will be at risk due to increased flooding; death rate from disease associated with floods and droughts expected to rise in some regions

http://climate.nasa.gov/effects/

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“What are the possible solutions?”

The obvious solution is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

We can do this by reducing our energy consumption and using cleaner energy. The majority of our greenhouse gas emissions comes from burning fossil fuels for transportation (gasoline) and to produce energy (coal).

Here are some simple steps anyone can take to reduce their energy consumption:

• Dress appropriately
• Lower your thermostat
• Insulate pipes, walls, lofts, doors, etc.
• If you need an appliance, choose an energy star rated unit
• Use energy efficient lightbulbs
• Turn of unnecessary lights
• Unplug unnecessary appliances
• Shut off your computer monitor when it’s not in use
• Eat fewer meat and dairy products
• Recycle and reuse
• Walk or bike when possible
• Use public transport or carpool when you need to drive
• Drive a fuel efficient vehicle

Or – use cleaner energy

• Sign up to a green energy supplier
• Generate your own power – use solar panels or wind turbines, etc.
• If you need a new vehicle, choose an alliterative fuel model

Lizzie asks…

what is a good website to buy things to start a house cleaning business?

i am starting a house celaning business in southern california in the inland empire area and was wondering if anyone knew any good web sites to buy the things that i would need to start my business.

steve answers:

For supplies, you really don’t need anything special. Buy a few plain spray bottles, then buy cheaper cleaning products to put in them. Start with a good, inexpensive vacuum, upgrade as you get more clients. I have tons of tips and resources on my Suidoo lens and blog about starting a cleaning business. The links are in my profile. Check them out!

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Your Questions About Cheap Laptops Under $100

Mandy asks…

What battery should I get for my dell inspiron 1525?

The battery that came with my laptop only lasts for one hour. I really need a battery that lasts anywhere from four to eight hours. What type of battery do I need, and where is the best place to get it? Thanks in advance!

steve answers:

You can look at Dell’s website under accessories for your particular model. They have 12-cell batteries in some cases which are twice as big (last twice as long).
Looks like they’re $100+ but if you look around you might be able to get one for cheaper. I don’t recommend getting a used one though.

Charles asks…

How well would left 4 dead play on my laptop?

I have a dell laptop, running vista. a celeron 2ghz processor, 1 gb of ram, and the problem is i dont know my graphics card. Would this be able to run l4d without laggin? If nyone knows, would this run l4d 2 as well?
soooooooooo wat would happen if i tryed to play it? would it crash?

steve answers:

You probably just have the stock motherboard graphics card. So id say no. I have a Pentium 4 computer 2.8GHz with a ATI X1650 graphics card(quite expensive a couple years old) and it will barely run L4D. If you already own L4D on steam try it but i wouldn’t buy it unless your willing to buy a graphics card or a whole new computer.

The cheapest graphics card i could find was under 100$ and it Ran L4D better than my ATI card. It was called a ZOTAC but ran Nvidia. Bestbuy carries them if your interested.

Richard asks…

Where and for how much can I get a battery for this Alienware m18x laptop?

I am looking at purchasing an Alienware m18x laptop (2010) for $650, even the support people at Alienware/Dell said this is a killer deal, the only issue now is that, it needs a new battery. The factory standard is the 96 Whr 12-Cell Primary Battery for Dell Alienware M18X Laptop. However, I can not find one for under about $130. I have seen a used one for about $60, and a few lower cell/volt ones for about $100. I am hoping someone can give me some links to cheaper equivalents for this battery, or, tell me which lower quality batteries I should get if I do get one, and what the difference will be.

steve answers:

Http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_ss_i_0_22/179-0468762-8466522?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=alienware+m18x+battery&sprefix=alienware+m18x+battery%2Caps%2C216

Ruth asks…

How to build a home recording studio for under $1000.?

I will not be recording a full band. Just one or two tracks at a time. Also I have a laptop with plenty of memory but am I able to use a laptop or does my computer need to be a desktop. I appreciate the help.

steve answers:

Here’s what I did.

I got a great deal on a laptop at Wal-Mart. It had Vista, unfortunately, so that took a while to optimize and trim the fat and actually make it work well, but whatever, it has 2 gigs of memory, a decent hard drive, over a meg of processor. Good. Step one. Less than 500$.

Step two was getting a USB interface. I found the Lexington Alpha, which I really like. It can record two channels at a time at least at 24-bit 48khz, which is what I record at (which is more than enough for most recording, actually). It has line in, mic in, options to record via headphones, and functions as an external sound card, ie, provides line outs. I think I got it for less than 100$, but it was somewhere around there price-wise.

Step three for you would be getting mics and cables (I already had this stuff). I suggest the Shure SM57 for recording guitar and instruments and the Shure SM58 for vocals and some string instruments (violins, etc). Good quality dynamic mics. Around 100$ each. So at least one mic and some cabling. Oh yeah, and some decent quality headphones. Samson makes some decent ones, I believe, just make sure you get the studio-quality… Again, around 100$ at my local music shop.

So now we’re pushing 900$ I think, and we have the basics to do some excellent recording. Add another mic or so, you’re right around a grand, and you can record two mics at once if you wanted, or a guitar and a vocal, or two mics on one instrument, etc.

Using the USB interface is awesome, its portable, has all the quality of a good internal sound card, and all of the same functions. Make sure you get the ASIO drivers for it, though, for the least latency (pause between playing the note and hearing it through your headphones).

So, um, yeah, at this point all you need is the software. I use a multitracking program called Reaper, link below. Essentially free, but cheap to register anyways. If you find or purchase the right plugins it can have all the functionality of more expensive commercial products! As it is its somewhat stripped down, which is perfect for recording, you just need to look for VST plugins to do processing and anything more than basic mixing/mastering, although the included JS and Cuckos plugins are still pretty sweet and highly functional.

So, that’s that. Put down a basic drum track with the MIDI and a VST plugin like Drumatic, set up a second track, hit the record button, make sure the Audio Device is set to pick up inputs from the interface, and you’re ready to rock!

I’ve used this setup exactly as listed to create scratch tracks for the bands that I’ve been in or associated with, and then go through and record over each individual element – ie, familiarize them with their separate parts which are initially recorded scratch or with midi instruments, then have them record over them with the real deal. Makes for some very decent results! And no mic bleed is sooo nice….

So yeah. Links below to Reaper, and to the place I usually look for VSTs and VSTi’s.

There are other multi-tracking programs out there for low-cost or free, like N-Studio and even a free version of Pro Tools I think, but this one actually has full functionality right from the get go, and seems to be very easy to get into once you figure it out. Just don’t get overwhelmed at how configurable it is!

Obviously if you already have a laptop, that leaves more money for better equipment. I like my portable recording setup, I can take it to work and use it on my lunch breaks…. And I don’t need an external mixer, even though I do have one (a cheap Behringer mixer, if you don’t boost or cut anything more than a few db it really does have low noise and decent quality).

Oh yeah, you might want to think about condenser mics too. Some USB interfaces support phantom power, and condenser mics (while more fragile) have superb top end response. I’ve used a Samson CO1 (less than 120$) with good results, especially in conjunction with a dynamic mic like the SM57. Something to think about. If you don’t have any experience with condenser mics or are a recording noob in general, you might want to get some experience with dynamic mics first before you take that leap.

I vastly prefer digital interfaces to analog recorders, even though they have a relatively more pleasant sound. Analog has more noise and far less flexibility in terms of editing, exporting, manipulating the sound, etc. There’s always tape saturation and compression plugins to help warm up the sound, and good mixing practices can really help get “that” sound you may be aiming for. When mixing, for instance, not only do you want to high-pass all non-bass instruments at least at 150 hz (and often much higher… I usually end up high-passing all guitars at 250hz or even 350 hz) but you want to low-pass everything as well at some point, although you want to be a little more careful with that. A bit of roll-off on a guitar around 10khz might be just the ticket to t

Mark asks…

how much does it cost to fix a cracked laptop screen?

i don’t know how my laptop cracked but it did on the right bottom corner and its getting worse and worse everyday. where is the cheapest most reliable place to go to get it fixed? and how much does it usually cost? its a Windows 7 hp. only 9 months old. staples told me 600 dollars but thats more than the computer ugh. what should i do?!?!?
also its not the glass that is cracked, its the pixles and the inside that is, is that any better? or cheaper to fix?

steve answers:

Huh.

9 mos, Staples should know it’s under warranty; call warranty #.

Or maybe a recall on em.

I was told my old Sony lap’s screen or hd needed replacement bc screen images became badly distorted.

But if I squeezed the screen border, images changed.

So I thought prob could be electrical connections.

I removed the keyboard and right away saw elect cable w/ a very loose hold-down screw.

I tightened screw, and screen image went back to normal and has stayed that way.

So, Do It Yourself could be poss if for some reason Warranty doesnt cover it.

I always get upgraded FACTORY/MANUFACTURER, not retailer, warranties for this reason.

Google your brand, model code & cracked screen.

If no warranty/recall, google brand & model code & Disasemble. Maybe ad Screen Shots.

I found great screen shots.

To disassemble, a set of precision screwdrivers are helpful. At Sears, Lowes, etc, <$15.

I also have a Belkin pc tool kit; Radio Shack, etc, sell em too, <$15.

When my keyboard failed under Sony warranty, they fixed it and I got a Paid invoice back for $600.

When it failed outa warranty, I got new one online @ +- $100, and did removal and install myself.

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Your Questions About Camera Bag With Tripod

Sharon asks…

What is the best camera for a newbie?

I really like canon. I currently have a powershot that is excellent but I really like the Canon rebel t3i. I don not know a lot about cameras. I would be taking pictures mostly of nature and sporting events. Any suggestions for a newbie?

steve answers:

Any of the entry level DSLRs would keep you happy for a few years. I’d pick either Canon or Nikon. I have a LOT of contact with other photographers and time and time again it seems that either one of those are most likely to make their owners happy.

The most important part is to buy only the best lenses – camera bodies get upgraded, lenses stay with us.
You WILL regret buying cheap lenses.
Don’t rush into buying lenses. Start with a kit lens, get to know your camera, that lens, and all photographic principles.
Through time and through use, you will eventually KNOW what other lenses you’ll need/want.
The more time you’ll take, the less likely you are to regret your choices.

If you know anyone close to you with a camera, consider borrowing lenses and “picking their brain” about their camera and whatever else they know.

Go to a store and hold a few cameras, see how they feel to YOU.

Keep in mind that buying a DSLR isn’t cheap, even if you find a good deal for body and kit lens.

You’ll also want and/or need a few other things such as tripod, filters, a bag, sensor cleaning gear, a second battery, memory cards, perhaps a remote shutter release etc.

That’s just the small stuff – I can guarantee you that you’ll also want more and more lenses.
You’ll also want a decent flash some day.

See how that list just goes on and on?
Owning a DSLR isn’t cheap – at least not until you have built up a nice stash of gear.

Just some food for thought……..

Do lots of research before you buy, and start learning about photography, too.
The very best thing you can do for your photography is to attend a class and read a few books and tutorials. Having some knowledge will make a huge difference to your images.
I hope I have expressed this idea clearly enough: YOU need to learn about photography because even the world’s best camera will take lousy shots in the hands of someone who has no clue how to use it.

Linda asks…

What is the best camera to buy for low price?

I live in California, I have a trip planned for the end of summer to go take photos of abandoned places and ghost towns..creepy I know, but it sounds like fun!

I need to find a camera that works well outside and is less than $1,000. I would also like it to shoot beautiful portraits as well since I will use it to take pictures of my family! HELP! :)

steve answers:

Nearly ALL cameras work well outside (at least during the day with plenty of light).
YOUR problem is needing a camera that works well INSIDE, in those dark, abandoned places.

I don’t really like to recommend a DSLR camera for someone who has no (or very little) knowledge about cameras and photography, but in this case you’ll only be disappointed if you have a small pocket toy that can’t cope with the low light conditions and doesn’t have the WIDE angle that you’ll need to get good shots.

You will have to start doing a lot of learning in a real hurry.

Any of the entry level DSLRs would keep you happy for a few years. I’d pick either Canon or Nikon. I have a LOT of contact with other photographers and time and time again it seems that either one of those are most likely to make their owners happy.

The most important part is to buy only the best lenses – camera bodies get upgraded, lenses stay with us.
You WILL regret buying cheap lenses.
Don’t rush into buying lenses. Start with a kit lens, get to know your camera, that lens, and all photographic principles.
Through time and through use, you will eventually KNOW what other lenses you’ll need/want.
The more time you’ll take, the less likely you are to regret your choices.

If you know anyone close to you with a camera, consider borrowing lenses and “picking their brain” about their camera and whatever else they know.

Go to a store and hold a few cameras, see how they feel to YOU.

Keep in mind that buying a DSLR isn’t cheap, even if you find a good deal for body and kit lens.

You’ll also want and/or need a few other things such as tripod, filters, a bag, sensor cleaning gear, a second battery, memory cards, perhaps a remote shutter release etc.

That’s just the small stuff – I can guarantee you that you’ll also want more and more lenses.
You’ll also want a decent flash some day.

Owning a DSLR isn’t cheap – at least not until you have built up a nice stash of gear – and yet in your case, I still think it is your only sensible option.

Do lots of research before you buy, and start learning about photography, too.
The very best thing you can do for your photography is to attend a class and read a few books and tutorials. Having some knowledge will make a huge difference to your images.
I hope I have expressed this idea clearly enough: YOU need to learn about photography because even the world’s best camera will take lousy shots in the hands of someone who has no clue how to use it.

Laura asks…

What is the best cheap camera for a student?

I’m doing Gcse Photography and i have a budget of £150 upto £180 and I need to buy a camera , can you suggest good cameras that are either bridge or dslr plz ?

steve answers:

Hi

At the budget you have and the course you are doing you will need at least a dSLR as Bridge Cameras won’t have the flexibility you will need.

Look for cameras made by Nikon, Canon, Pentax or Sony. Most people on Y!A will often recommend Canon or Nikon as these two brands are often used by Pro Sports/Wildlife/Landscape et al photographers, also there’s a much wider range of lenses available for Canon and Nikon but don’t always let that discourage you if you see an excellent Deal for say a Pentax.

At £150 to £180 you’ll struggle to get a brand new camera with at least the 18-55mm standard lens kit, for example the Nikon D3100 retails for around £300.

Therefore i would recommend that you set your sights on second hand dSLRs instead as these will offer you affordability, a dSLR and depending where you buy from a warranty too, there are a number of shops and online retailers who sell Used Cameras with at least a 1 years warranty, some of them have been serviced by the manufacturers (don’t see this as a disadvantage as it has been seen by the people who made it in the first place) and put back on the sale, other were in a good enough state to be sold as is. Most will often be sold with the box and manuals + all accessories too but do shop around.

In the below box i have given you a list of reputable online retailers, some of whom have brick and mortar shops that you can visit in person and try before you buy, also check eBay but be much more cautious on you purchases.

Lastly buying the dSLR body is only the first step, sooner or later you will desire more lenses with wider angles, better reach and other accessories like speedlights, a tripod, monopod, ring flash, bags etc.

Michael asks…

How do I mount a 580EX Speedlite to a tripod?

I am trying to figure out how to mount 580EX Speedlite to a tripod and then understand how to make it flash when I take the picture? It has a slave option but do I need to some how connect a slave?

steve answers:

“I am trying to figure out how to mount 580EX Speedlite to a tripod”
Flashes come with these little cold shoe stands and under the stand is a standard screw mount.
So mount your stand to the tripod mounting plate and themn mount your flash to the stand.

“and then understand how to make it flash when I take the picture?”
There are a couple of ways to do this.

1- Use the optical slave and your popup flash.
The 580EXII (and most flashes actually) have a sensor that detects when another flash is fired and can use that as a trigger to trigger itself.
Check your 580EXII’ manual on how to set that up.

The problem with optical slave is that it can be fooled by other cameras flashes so if other people are doing flash photography it can trigger your flash messing up your shot and using the flash in this way, you have to set the power output manually.

Optical slave also doesn;t work so well over long distances or if there isn;t line of sight to the flash from your popup flash.

Also, some cameras (higher end ones like the 5DMkII for example) don;t ave a popup flash cause popup flash sucks.

2- Use a shoe mount radio trigger.
You can buy a kit of receivers and transmitters from any where from 35$ for a full kit of cheap Chinese triggeres to 300$ A PIECE for pocket wizards.
These come with one transmitter that goes on your cameras hot shoe and a receiver you plug on the mount of your flash.

When you hit your shutter, the radio trigger tells the flash to fire.

There are tons of different models, some can tell the flash how much light the camera needs (Pocket wizards) but most only tell the flash that it needs to fire and YOU need to set the flashes power output manually.

3- Using a PC Sync cord.
Depending on your camera model you may have a PC Sych port on your camera. You plug a PC Sych cable to that and the other end into the PC Sych port on the flash. This will allow you to use your 580EXII as if it was right on the camera (TTL and everything if you have a good cable).

The thing is that not all flashes have a PC Sych port (the 580EXII does) and not all cameras have a PC Sych port either.

4- Built in radio master.
The 580EXII can be controlled directly using a built in radio system from CERTAIN canon cameras like the 5DMkII but most lower entry level Canon cameras don;t have the radio system.

Those are the main methods of firing a flsah off camera.

If you want to start with off camera lighting, I’d recommend you get some YN460 flashes. These puppies cost 30$ each and are manual ONLY (you HAVE to set the power by hand for each shot). They also stay active for an hour before going into sleep mode while the 580EXII shots down after a few minutes to conserve battery power.

The YN460′s are great for off camrea “studio” work because they are cheap as all hells. For the price of one 580EXII you can get like 20 YN460′ or an actual full portable mini studio:
4 YN460 flashes
2 kits of remote trigger
4 light stands
3 umbrellas
3 umbrella mounts

And a couple of other nice toys like small softboxes, maybe a background system …

On top of that, if you drop one in a lake or something you just shrug it off and take another from your bag … Drop a 580EXII in a lake and that’s 600$ out of your pocket.

Paul asks…

What kind of DSLR Camera bag would you suggest?

Is a backpack style or sling/messenger bag style better?

What is easier? What should I look for

Camera is a 600D Canon
I’m asking for BAG suggestions. I will be taking everything with me overseas. So I do need the bag. Thanks
Sorry, I have 2 extra lens, attatchable filters, the camera, tripod, camera cleaning kit and extra SD cards/battery.
Sorry, I have 2 extra lens, attatchable filters, the camera, tripod, camera cleaning kit and extra SD cards/battery.

steve answers:

It depends on your style of photography.

I have both – I tend to use the backpack (a Lowepro) when I’m out in the country doing landscapes – it hold not only my lenses but also filters, my tripod, sandwiches & a drink! I don’t need to access it quickly, so it’s not inconvenient having it on my back.

I have a messenger style bag (Crumpler) when I’m doing street photography – it’s easier to reach into & grab a lens on the go when I do quick lens changes, or to grab my purse if I stop for a coffee.

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Your Questions About Asus Ati Radeon Hd 4870

Mary asks…

Is this gaming rig future proof?

So, I’m building a new gaming rig. And my question is, will it be future proof? Will I be able to enjoy new games that come out for at least a good year before I upgrade again. or will I have to buy new parts, like 3 months after I build it?

Here’s the rig:

CPU: Core 2 Duo E8400, Wolfdale.
GPU: ASUS ATI Radeon HD 4870 [512MB] PCIe
Motherboard: Asus P5Q PRO P45 Socket 775 8 Channel Audio ATX
RAM: Corsair 4GB Kit (2x2GB) DDR2 800MHz CL5

The case, psu, and keyboard/mouse I left out, as I’m not worried too much about those. I’m getting an OCZ 700W PSU, if you want to know.

So, will this be future proof? I can overclock the CPU to a good 3.6 to 3.8 with the right cooling.

What do you think? How long will it last before I need to upgrade again?

steve answers:

You should be ok for a year or so

but i find that they (they meaning the software developers and computer manufacturers) will always come up with yet another reason for you to upgrade

one thing that you may have to consider is the graphics card as 512MB is now considered too small for a graphics card and 1GB is the new ‘norm’ (i remember when 4MB of system RAM let alone graphics RAM was considered HUGE lol), you may consider a bigger graphics card or SLI (crossfire if its ATI) if the MOBO supports it

Richard asks…

What can cause a computer to occasionally get stuck just after detecting the drives?

I built a computer by myself during March of last year, and in the beginning it was OK, but recently there has been a somewhat concerning problem.

Usually when my computer starts up (i.e. immediately after I’ve pressed the power button) the computer whirs into life, detects the drives, goes through the POST and loads Windows XP.

The problem that I’m concerned about is that sometimes when I start it up, the computer hangs just after the drive detection. I solve it by hitting the power button, flicking the switch on the PSU, removing the power cable, waiting about 10 secs, then plugging the cable back in, followed by flicking the switch back to the ON position. The computer will then start normally. (Until I’ve performed my “solution” pressing the power button gives me the same system hang) The problem only occasionally crops up, but when it does it’s a worry, and I’m getting the feeling that it’s occurring more frequently

The nature of my solution (dealing mainly with the PSU) leads me to believe it might be a PSU problem; or the fact that when I built the PC, the PSU’s wattage was too low for the PC. The PSU constantly runs warm to hot, and even though I know this is usual with PSUs, I think mine might be warmer than usual as you can feel it from the outside of my case

Can anybody confirm/correct my suspicions and suggest a course of action to prevent the problem occurring?

Here are my specs:

- Hiper Power 580W HPU-4M580-PU PSU
- AMD Athlon 64 X2 6000+ Processor
- Gigabyte GA-MA69GM-S2H motherboard
- 4GB of Corsair DDR2 PC2-6400 TwinX RAM (2x 2GB)
- Asus ATI Radeon HD 4870 512MB
- 500GB Hitachi HDP725050GLA360 SATA HDD
- TSSTcorp SH-S223Q SATA CD/DVD-RW
- 80GB Western Digital WDC WD800BB-00JKA0 IDE HDD (this was carried over from my last PC and is 4 years older than the rest of the PC, but hasn’t had any errors to my knowledge)
- Standard 3.5in Floppy Disk Drive
- 4-port USB 2.0 Header bracket

there are 2 Fan sockets on the motherboard, both were already used, an extra fan was added by using a Y connector cable

USB devices that are usually plugged in when booting:
- Belkin N+ Wireless Dongle
- Microsoft Wireless desktop receiver 3.1A (connected to a wireless keyboard and mouse)
- Epson Stylus DX7450 All-in-One (not registered as being connected by windows unless powered on)

I doubt that this PSU is going to die through regular use if its load is under it’s value, as I’ve only had it just over a year. That is unless it’s a inherent fault with the product

steve answers:

I would suggest manually testing the voltage on your PSU. The link in the source section will tell you step by step what to do.

The goal when testing the PSU will be to get a reading during system hang. This will give you an indication as to whether the power supply is to blame.

Another thing it could be is your HDD. I only mention this because you have that old 80GB. A failing HDD may not just immediately quit working. If it is failing it could cause the problem and you may not realize that it’s going out. See if that HDD has S.M.A.R.T. Capabilities (I think it does) and check that. You may very well find the health of the HDD in your BIOS.

You may be able to find the cause of the problem by going into your BIOS and selecting the Standard CMOS features. I don’t have this mobo but take this information from the manual:

“Standard CMOS Features
Use this menu to configure the system time and date, hard drive types, floppy disk drive types,
and the type of errors that stop the system boot, etc.”

As a last resort switch your IDE and SATA cables for new ones. A loose connector or break in the ribbon can cause your system to hang. This is also something that may cause the problem as you described…sometimes it hangs, sometimes it doesn’t.

If the PSU is the culprit I would recommend RMAing it if it’s under warranty. If not you should buy a new one. You risk damaging other components in your system if you try to repair it yourself.

Charles asks…

Quick question about raedon graphics cards?

I’m a noob, so plz explain it like you would to a retard … but is there any difference between these cards? They all say 4870

XFX Radeon HD 4870 1GB 256-bit PCI-E Video Card

http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N82E16814150436&nm_mc=AFC-Bensbargains&cm_mmc=AFC-Bensbargains-_-NA-_-NA-_-14150436

ATI Radeon HD 4870 1GB GDDR5 PCI-E Card

http://www.mwave.com/mwave/SkuSearch_v3.asp?SCriteria=aa74520

Asus Radeon 4870 1GB DDR5 PCI-E Video Card

http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N82E16814121291&nm_mc=AFC-Bensbargains&cm_mmc=AFC-Bensbargains-_-NA-_-NA-_-14121291

They’re all slightly different in price but I wouldn’t mind paying the $10-20 difference if one is better in terms of performance than the other.

steve answers:

Nope, all of them have the same essential hardware: clock speeds, memory, etc.

Only difference is the heatsinks, which each manufacturer usually customizes themself. Sapphire usually tends to be more standard on cooling, and is a reliable brand from my experience with them 3-5 years back. ASUS is another good brand, usually more expensive because they have better heatsinks. XFX recently started making ATI based cards (used to be solely Geforce) so I don’t know much about them (I’ve always been an EVGA guy), but from the specs, it looks fairly standard as well.

If I had to pick one, I’d say get the Sapphire or the ASUS, whichever looks more sexy to you.

David asks…

I need help on choosing the GTX 260 or Radeon HD 4870?

i just built a rig with Core i7 920@2.66 (about to be 4.0)
ASUS p6t deluxe v2 mobo
6 gb ddr3 1600 ram
a 640gb HDD
HUGE case (so don’t worry ’bout heat)
but i dunno which video card to get
the MSI GTX 260 is $160 on newegg (216 stream 55 nm OC to 655mhz) or the Sapphire HD 4870 1gb for $190 on newegg
i was read TONS of reviews but there really close in FPS. But nvidia has physx and maybe i can ge the 3d vision things. But the ATI card has 1 gb ddr5 to play on my 25.5 inch as the GTX has 896 ddr3. can’t make my decision!!

steve answers:

I personally own the Sapphire 4870. There isn’t a game out there that I can’t max the settings on. As for Physics there are very few games at the moment that are even using it. The 4870 1Gig card beats the 260 in all benchmarks that I have read. Yes there are close, but the 4870 is a better card.It has more stream processors also.I hope this helped.

Linda asks…

Is the ASUS P5Q3 motherboard any good for a gaming PC?

i am looking to build a new gaming pc.
the motherboard needs to support:
- an intel quad core processor
- two ATI radeon HD 4870 graphics cards
- 16GB of memory (preferable DDR3)
- 3 fans
is this ASUS P5Q3 motherboard any good? or is there a better one out there around the same price?

specs on P5Q3:
http://www.asus.com.au/products.aspx?l1=3&l2=11&l3=709&l4=0&model=2563&modelmenu=2

steve answers:

Yeah thats good, but why spend so much on ddr3 16gb?
For your setup a q6600 processor would do the job…and no more than 6gb ram…anymore is a waste

i would recomend getting an i7 920 processor, it has 8 virtual cores and is the best out there

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